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domenica 15 novembre 2015

PHOTO ARK Extinction of the Species

White-headed brown lemurs (Eulemur albifrons) at the Naples Zoo. The male (Barry) has the white face. His sister (Victoria) has the dark face. This was a brother-sister pair, and the last two of their kind in the Western hemisphere. CREDIT: Joel Sartore

Many animal species are at risk of vanishing. It's a calamity photographer and "Sunday Morning" Contributor Joel Sartore is trying hard to prevent.

For ten years, National Geographic photographer Joel Sartore has made it his life's mission to document species that are endangered or threatened with extinction.

"If we can get down and look these species in the eye, really get down low and really look 'em in the eye, and you see how lovely they are and how much intelligence there is there," said Joel Sartore, "they're telling us something. I mean, they're shouting it to me."

The National Geographic photographer has made it his life's mission to be their messenger and, he hopes, their protector -- their Noah building a photographic ark.

His "Photo Ark" currently houses images of more than 5,000 species, rolling past the viewer. "It would take two hours to see them all," he said. "It's supposed to just overwhelm people with what life looks like on Earth."
And what might soon be extinct.
He showed Teichner a photo of the Rabb's fringe-limbed treefrog, the very last of his kind. "His name's Toughie, because he's outlived the projection. He's like nine years old, at least, and so when he's gone, that's it. They will be extinct."
Sartore's Photo Ark will be at the National Geographic Society in Washington, D.C., until April.

Included is a northern white rhino that he photographed this summer at the Dvůr Králové Zoo in the Czech Republic. "There were five at the time. This is a very old female named Babire, and she died one week to the day after we photographed her.
"Now, there are four."

Also pictured is a Columbia Basin pygmy rabbit, which has gone extinct. "She was very near the end of her life," Sartore said. "It's intentional that you can see her from the other end of the exhibit. We wanted people to see her and have the experience of, well, this is what we're talking about. This is the consequence if we ignore the world around us. We lose thousands of species to extinction per day on this planet."

"Scientists, over the past half-billion years, have seen five mass extinctions -- think of things like volcanoes and asteroids hitting the Earth," said anthropologist Catherine Workman, Senior Director of National Geographic's Protecting Wildlife Initiative. "Scientists currently describe the loss of plants and animals now as the sixth mass extinction.
"We're losing animals at a rate 1000 times that of rates of extinction of the past, which is unparalleled. It's an extinction we haven't seen since the loss of the dinosaurs 65 million years ago. We have habitat loss, we have hunting, we have climate change, and the combination of all these threats on a planet that's shortly going to have 7.5 billion people is really hammering the planet's biodiversity."
Joel Sartore didn't set out to create a Photo Ark. It began as an act of desperation, when his wife, Kathy, was diagnosed with breast cancer, and he needed to stay home in Lincoln, Nebraska.
"I just thought, I need to shoot something. Kathy's gonna be sick for a long time, and on the days when she felt better through the chemo cycles, I just needed something to shoot."
So this world traveler, who's shot 35 stories for National Geographic (including six covers), drove to the Lincoln Children's Zoo, a mile from his house, and asked if he could photograph the animals.
"They let me take a naked mole rat and put it on a white background," Sartore said. "That's how we started it. And then I did a couple of blue and black poison dart frogs, I think. And that was 5,400 species ago."

Sartore is not quite half-way through photographing all 12,000 animal species in captivity, endangered or not. He figures it will take him the rest of his life to finish.
He's taken pictures at more than 200 zoos in the U.S. alone, including a porcupine at the St. Louis Zoo, and wrangled flamingos (not quite like getting your ducks in a row).
Success is not always guaranteed. And there can be hazards, as when these birds get angry. "This bird is the nastiest, most bad-ass bird I've ever had to do."
So why zoo animals?
"Zoos often have the only populations of these animals -- they're gone in the wild," said Sartore. "And if it weren't for zoos, a lot of these species I shoot would be extinct by now, hands down."
Sartore accepts that people fall in love with fuzzy, cute animals, like the Fennec fox. But he wants us to appreciate the importance of the un-cuddly ones, the ones we've never heard of.
His portraits' all-black or all-white backgrounds, he said, "bring them to life and give them a voice. And this is often the only voice they'll ever have before they go away. This is their only chance to sing, in a way."
His animals have been projected on the Empire State Building and at the U.N. Soon they'll be shown on the Vatican. Anywhere he can, as often as he can, Joel Sartore pleads for their lives.

This, he says, is the best time ever to be alive to save species.

He told an audience of students, "Did you know that you, young lady, have the power to change the world? You totally do! Any of you guys could. There are so many species that are on the ropes now, so many species in need of protection -- tiny species, large species -- that all of us have a great opportunity."
He hopes his photographs will get people to help -- and he likes to hook them young.
Sartore showed some students examples of animals in his exhibit that have been saved. "I do take comfort in the fact that all is not lost by any means. In this country whooping crane, black-footed ferret, California condor, Mexican gray wolf, all those animals got down to fewer than two dozen, and they're all stable now -- not in the best shape, but stable -- and that just speaks volumes to the fact that people do care.
"But we have to let them know these animals exist and that they 're in trouble and what the need is."
The Photo Ark is Joel Sartore's invitation to look them in the eye ... to look hard.

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The San Diego Zoo is setting aside $2 million a year in efforts to prevent the extinction of the northern white rhino.

To date, there are only four northern white rhinos alive, and one of them, a female named Nola, is housed by the zoo. One male and two females are at the Ol Pejeta Sanctuary in Kenya.
The 41-year-old female showed no interest in mating with Angalifu, the park's male northern white rhino. Angalifu died in December at age 44.
In the last 12 months, three northern rhinos have died. One in San Diego, another in Czech Republic and one in the Ol Pejeta Sanctuary.
The recovery of the species, however, would span decades of vigorous effort and cut close to around $100 million in cost.
In the hope of imparting the vision for the northern white rhino, Randy Rieches, San Diego Zoo's mammal curator, shared the details of the project with a bunch of elementary students who were on a Safari Park visit.
"We want to be able to hand off a herd, a sustainable herd of northern white rhinos to some of these young kids here who are budding zoologists,"said Rieches.

At the heart of the species revival project are six southern white rhino females, brought to San Diego all the way from South Africa. Researchers hope to be able to develop a plan for reproduction.
The southern white rhinos are highly similar to the northern white rhinos, according to San Diego Zoo researcher Barbara Durrant. The southern white rhino females can be used as surrogates for northern white rhino embryos, Durrant said.
The plan involves using DNA on file to come up with a stem cell line, and implanting an embryo in a female southern white rhino.
"It's been done in cattle, horse and humans - it's doable," said sanctuary chief executive Richard Vigne.

Researchers are careful to strike a balance between optimism, and realism for the project, as the technology they are using has yet to be adapted for larger animal species such as rhinos.

If successful, the process could be used for other endangered species.
Among the World Wildlife Fund's critically endangered species are the Amur Leopard, Black Rhino, Cross River Gorilla, Hawksbill Turtle, Javan Rhino, Leatherback Turtle, Mountain Gorilla, Pangolin, Saola, South China Tiger and Sumatran Elephant.

How many species are we losing?

Earth’s sixth mass extinction event begins with frogs 13 AGOSTO 2015

RACING EXTINCTION La Scomparsa della Vita sulla Terra March 21, 2015

22 more elephants poisoned, beheaded in Zimbabwe 1 NOVEMBRE 2015

Brisbane koalas extinct in 20 years 4 SETTEMBRE 2015



Capitalist Greed Pushing The World Into The Sixth Extinction 25 AGOSTO 2015

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